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Eureka Alert

Syndicate content EurekAlert! - Biology
The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Updated: 2 years 14 weeks ago

Microbes living in a toxic volcanic lake could hold clues to life on Mars

May 1, 2018 - 10:00pm
(University of Colorado at Boulder) Researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder have discovered microbes living in one of the harshest environments on Earth. Their findings could guide scientists looking for signs of ancient life on Mars.
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Plant breeders balance shared innovation, revenue

May 1, 2018 - 10:00pm
(American Society of Agronomy) Crop breeding research and innovation requires funding. But funding--and revenue from the crops developed--is increasingly hard to obtain. In response, a group of plant breeders met to discuss best practices. A recent paper summarizes their recommendations.
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Research identifies unconventional immune cell capable of fighting viral infections

May 1, 2018 - 10:00pm
(University of Birmingham) Research led by the University of Birmingham has identified a novel unconventional type of immune cell capable of fighting viral infections.
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Bloomberg era's emphasis on 'health in all policies' improved New Yorkers' heart health

May 1, 2018 - 10:00pm
(Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health) From 2002 to 2013, New York City implemented a series of policies prioritizing the public's health in areas beyond traditional healthcare policies and illustrated the potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. This strategy is known as employing a 'health in all policies' approach. Researchers catalogued health-relevant legislation in New York City from 1998 to 2017 and found that 7.4 percent of the 3,745 pieces of legislation introduced during the Bloomberg Administration had the potential to impact New Yorkers' cardiovascular health.
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Changing cities' food systems to help reduce carbon emissions

May 1, 2018 - 10:00pm
(American Chemical Society) Many US cities and states are looking for ways to slash greenhouse gas emissions, including cap-and-trade programs, building-efficiency regulations, and boosting public transit and renewable energy sources. Now scientists report in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology additional measures cities could take to further cut their carbon footprint: by tackling emissions related to food consumption and waste.
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Strategy prevents blindness in mice with retinal degeneration

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(Duke University Medical Center) New research published in Nature Communications outlines a strategy that in mouse models significantly delayed the onset of blindness from inherited retinal degeneration such as retinitis pigmentosa.
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Traffic-related pollution linked to risk of asthma in children

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) New research led by scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health suggest that long-term exposure to traffic-related pollution significantly increases the risk of pediatric asthma, especially in early childhood. Their findings were published today in a Letter to the Editor in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
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Researchers study how to improve southern sea otter survival

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(University of Wyoming) Analysis of 13 years of demographic and genetic data from 1,006 sea otters to assess multiple effective population size estimators, as well as temporal trends in genetic diversity and population genetic structure, show a need for development of new delisting criteria for the southern sea otter.
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Scientists discover balance of thermal energy and low climate stress drive coral species diversity

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(Wildlife Conservation Society) Marine scientists from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), University of Warwick, and University of Queensland have identified two key factors that create the ideal conditions needed for high species diversity in coral reefs: thermal energy in the form of warm water and low climate stress.
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Power to the preprint

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(PLOS) Preprints are here!!! Starting today, authors submitting their manuscript to most PLOS journals* can also choose to post their article on bioRxiv, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory's preprint server for the life sciences.
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Formate prevents most folic acid-resistant neural tube defects in mice

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(Baylor College of Medicine) A multi-institutional research team has developed a novel folic acid-resistant neural tube defect mouse model of the human condition by silencing the Slc25a32 gene, and, in most of the mutant mice, neural tube defects can be prevented by formate supplementation.
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Study shows sea turtle nesting beaches threatened by microplastic pollution

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(Florida State University) Tiny pieces of plastic could be jeopardizing sensitive sea turtle nesting beaches.
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Environmental impact of electric vehicles in China? It depends on how they are charged

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences) Electric vehicles play a key role in China's plan to improve air quality and reduce CO2 emissions but, with the majority of China's electricity still coming from coal-fired power plants, many question just how effective this strategy will be. Now, researchers have found that how electric vehicles are charged -- whether in the low-energy slow mode or high-energy fast mode -- plays a significant role in the reduction of CO2 and the integration of wind energy.
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Innovative vaccine offers canine cancer patients a shot at a longer, happier life

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(University of Pennsylvania) Nicola Mason of the School of Veterinary Medicine is leading a multi-institutional clinical trial evaluating an immunotherapy approach to treat dogs with osteosarcoma, a cancer of the bone. A new $775,000 grant from the Morris Animal Foundation will help her build on her past successes.
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The secret lives of roots

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) Government researchers have begun an ambitious program to reveal the secret lives of roots that includes using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of living plants in the field.
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Scientists identify two hormones that burn fat faster, prevent and reverse diabetes in mice

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences) UCLA geneticists have created a new technique to hunt for hormones that influence how organs and tissues communicate with each other. The method enabled them to find naturally occurring molecules that play major roles in Type 2 diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease.
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Single injection treats hemophilia B for life, in proof-of-concept study

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(Salk Institute) Salk researchers have demonstrated in mice that hemophilia B can be treated for life with one single injection containing disease-free liver cells that can produce their missing clotting factor.
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Study challenges 'shock and kill' approach to eliminating HIV

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(eLife ) Researchers have provided new insight into the cellular processes behind the 'shock and kill' approach to curing HIV, which they say challenges the effectiveness of the treatment.
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International recognition for The Sainsbury Laboratory head

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(John Innes Centre) A leading researcher at The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich, UK, has been honored with a prestigious international award in recognition of his innovative work on plant immunity.
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ISSCR 2018 to highlight research driving new discoveries and advances in regenerative medicine

April 30, 2018 - 10:00pm
(International Society for Stem Cell Research) Progress in stem cell research and its translation to medicine is the focus of the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) annual meeting June 20-23 at the Melbourne Convention & Exhibition Centre in Melbourne, Australia. More than 3,000 stem cell scientists, bioethicists, clinicians, and industry professionals from over 50 countries will share and discuss the latest discoveries and technologies within the field, and how they are advancing regenerative medicine.
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